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Neonatal jaundice

Neonatal Jaundice Unveiled: 4 Powerful Insights for Newborn Care

Infant jaundice is normal and generally benign. It causes skin to yellow as well as the eye’s whites. The medical term used to describe neonatal jaundice. 

Skin yellowing may be difficult to detect when the skin is black or brown. It is possible to detect in the palms of your hands or on the soles the feet. 

Other signs of neonatal jaundice could be: 

  • dark colored urine (a newborn baby’s urine must be colorless) 
  • Pale-coloured poops (it should be orange or yellow)

The signs of jaundice in the newborn usually appear two days following the birth. They tend to be better with no treatment until the baby turns two weeks old.

Your baby will be inspected for indications of jaundice within 72 hours after birth in the physical examination for newborns. 

When your child begins to show symptoms of jaundice after this point, talk to your health care provider, midwife or GP immediately to seek advice. 

Although jaundice isn’t generally a cause for concern but it’s crucial to determine the need for treatment for your child. 

If you’re watching the jaundice of your child at home it’s crucial to inform your midwife right away when your child’s symptoms rapidly increase or they become very hesitant to feed. baby essentials , activities

Why does my baby have jaundice?

Neonatal Jaundice is caused due to the accumulation of bilirubin within the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow-colored substance created by red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body, break into smaller pieces. 

jaundice can be found among newborns due to the an abundance of blood-borne red blood cells. These cells are degraded and replaced often. 

Additionally, a newborn baby’s liver may not be fully developed, making it less efficient in removing blood bilirubin. 

When babies are about two months old, the livers are more efficient at processing bilirubin. Therefore, neonatal jaundice can be corrected at this point without causing damage. 

In a few instances, jaundice could be a indication of an illness that is underlying. This is typically the case when jaundice is noticed within a short time upon the birth (within within the initial 24 hour )

How common is Neonatal jaundice? 

  • Jaundice is among the most frequent ailments that can affect infants.
  • It’s estimated that 6 out of 10 babies suffer from jaundice, with the 8 percent of babies who were born preterm prior to reaching the 37th week gestation.
  • However, only one out of 20 babies has an elevated blood bilirubin levels enough to warrant medical attention.
  • There are many reasons why breastfeeding can increase a baby’s chances of developing jaundice that can last for months or even longer.

In most instances breastfeeding benefits outweigh the risks of Neonatal jaundice.

Treating Neonatal jaundice

  • Treatment for jaundice in the infant isn’t usually required because the symptoms usually disappear within 10-14 days, though they do sometimes persist for much longer.
  • Treatment is typically advised if tests reveal very excessive levels of the bilirubin present in the blood of a baby.
  • This is due to a chance that bilirubin may enter the brain and cause harm.
  • There are two primary methods that you can carry out in a hospital setting to rapidly decrease the bilirubin levels of your baby.

These are: 

  • phototherapy – a particular kind of light that shines onto the skin and alters the bilirubin to a form which is more easily broken into smaller pieces by the liver. the liver. 
  • An exchange transfusion the baby’s blood is extracted through a small tube (catheter) put into the blood vessels, and then replaced by blood from a match donor. Most children respond well to treatment and are able to be discharged from the hospital within a few days The is 

Complications 

If a baby who has very large levels of bilirubin not treated, that they’ll suffer long-term brain damage. This is known as kernicterus. 

Kernicterus is extremely uncommon and is extremely rare in UK.